LousianaLousiana

¿Va usted a la corte sin abogado? (Going to court without a lawyer)

Por: Southeast Louisiana Legal Services LSC Funded
Lea esto en:
English

Information

Oprima el botón sobre la flecha para agrandar el imagen.

Oprima para agrandar el imagen.

Primero, busque asistencia legal.

Es buena idea conseguir un abogado si es posible. Abajo hay algunos modos de obtener ayuda.

Busque las oficinas de servicios legales gratuitos en la página Web louisianalawhelp.org.

Llame la línea directa del Centro de Justicia Civil de Louisiana para aplicar por asistencia gratis o para buscar servicios de referencia para abogados a bajo costo: (504) 355-0970 o (800) 310-7029.

Si usted no encuentra un abogado o no puede resolver el problema, aquí esta información para ayudarle.

¿No tiene abogado? Puede esperar lo siguiente.

Usted tiene el derecho de representarse usted mismo. Hay información para ayudarle - asegúrese de buscarla.

Empleados de la corte y el juez no pueden darle consejo jurídico. Usted debe seguir las reglas de la corte como todos los dem

Cosas que hacer antes de comparecer ante la corte o antes de archivar documentos.

¡Si usted ha recibido documentos procedentes de la corte, o ha sido citado, lea todos los documentos en seguida!

¡Guárdelos! Anote las fechas cuándo debe comparecer ante la corte o presentar los documentos. Puede ser que haya más de una fecha en su caso. ¡Lea todos los documentos y marque todas las fechas!

Anote los nombres, direcciones, números de teléfono y detalles sobrelas personas y los sucesosde su caso.

Haga copias y organice todos sus papeles y documentos importantes para su problema legal. Mantenga en un lugar seguro los papeles y documentos originales, y traiga los originales y las copias con usted a la corte. Es posible que necesite copias adicionales para la corte o para su adversario.

Ejemplo: por un caso relativo a un arrendamiento, traiga su contrato de arrendamiento, sus recibos de pago de la renta o giro postales, cheques cancelados y otros papeles relevantes.

Trate usted de aprender la ley relevante a su problema y las reglas de la corte. Las reglas aplicables a todas las cortes estatales de Louisiana se encuentran publicadas en www.lasc.org,la página Web de la Corte Suprema de Louisiana.

Haga clic en "Reglas de la corte," en la parte superior de la página principal de la página Web www.lasc.org.Para obtener información sobre cuestiones legales básicas en Louisiana, vaya a louisianalawhelp.org.

Es posible que su biblioteca pública tenga libros de derecho y computadoras. Investigue si hay una biblioteca en una escuela de derecho o en una corte local.

Si hay un juicio pendiente, consulte los documentos en el registro de la corte. Si necesita asistencia para usar el registro, puede pedírsela a un empleado de la corte.

Trate de observar audiencias en la corte para familiarizarse con ella. Consulte los consejos abajo para saber cómo vestirse y comportarse.

Si usted tiene hijos, compruebe de antemano si la corte permite que le acompañen. Es posible que tenga que pedirle a alguien que los cuide el día de su audiencia.

Preparelos documentos que usted quiere presentar y archivar en la corte. Escribir documentos para archivar es difícil. Es posible que haya un formulario relevante para su problema legal. Compruebe con la biblioteca, la corte, o louisianalawhelp.org.

Normalmente usted debe pagar para presentar y archivar documentos con la corte. Compruebe si tiene que pagar para presentar y archivar sus documentos.

Si usted no tiene dinero para archivar los documentos, puede pedir un mandamiento judicial que permite que los archive sin pagar por adelantado.

Para obtener este mandamiento judicial, usted necesita un formulario que se llama "En Forma Pauperis" o "IFP" para abreviar. Hay un formulario que usted puede ver, completar e imprimir en el sitio Web de la Corte Suprema de Louisiana: http://www.lasc.org/Rules/dist.CT/COURTRULESAPPENDIX8.0.PDF

Qué se hace en la Corte.

¿Cómo se viste?

Hay que vestirse con respeto para la corte. Preséntese aseado y arreglado. No se lleve ropa llamativa o reveladora. Esmala idea ir a la corte en flip flops (chanclas), pantalones cortos, blusas sin espaldas, camisetas, rulos,o ropa muy casual. Si no tiene zapatos o ropa apropriada avisa un empleado de la corte.

Muchas cortes tienen guardias de seguridad y detectores. No lleve cuchillos, pistolas ni otras armas. Llame la corte antes para saber si puede llevar su teléfono celular.

¿Cuándo debo llegar a la corte?

Llegue a la corte tan pronto como sea posible: por lo menos 30 minutos a una hora antes de tiempo.

Calcule tiempo suficiente para archivar sus documentos antes del comienzo de la corte. Las cortes están ocupadas, y es posible que haya colas. Si usted llega tarde, el juez puede juzgar el caso sin usted, rechazarlo o tomar alguna otra acción contra usted.

¿Dónde se encuentra la sala de audiencias?

Consulte con un empleado de la corte. Sus papeles de la corte deben incluir el nombre del juez o la división/sección que corresponde a su caso. A veces un juez se sustituye por otro.

En la sala de audiencias, regístrese con el empleado del juez. Así sabe que usted está presente y puede confirmar que está en la sala correcta.

Si usted tiene alguna dificultad para caminar, escuchar, ver, leer o si tiene otra necesidad especial, avísele al empleado de la corte. Si usted no sabe leer, escribir o hablar inglés, avísele al empleado de antemano, si tiene tiempo. Usted puede pedir a un intérprete gratis, alguien que habla el mismo idioma que usted. Si no le queda tiempo antes de la fecha de audiencia, avíseles a los empleados de la corte cuando lllegue.

¿Cuánto tiempo tengo que esperar en la corte?

Aunque haya lista de casos, el juez puede escucharlos en cualquier orden. La espera puede ser corta o puede durar todo el día.

¿Qué debo llevar conmigo?

Debe llevar los documentos de la corte que debe archivar y el número correcto de copias. No olvide los otros documentos y copias para la corte, sus registros propios, o su adversario. Traiga su ID (carnet) con su foto para el guardia de seguridad. ¡Si recibió algunos documentos de la corte tráigalos! Traiga una pluma o lápiz y papel para tomar notas también.

¿Qué hacen los testigos?

Los testigos pueden testificar sobre los hechos para contar su versión de la historia. Los testigos deben saber personalmente estos hechos. Se deben vestir y comportar bien y deben llegar a tiempo.

¿Qué hago en la sala de audiencias?

Cuando entreen la sala de audiencias, tome asiento. Apague o ponga en silencio su teléfono móvil.

Todo el mundo se levanta cuando entra el juez. Siéntese cuando lo mande el juez o el personal. Si nadie dice nada, siéntese cuando se siente el juez.

Es importante no hablar, no masticar chicle, comer, beber, leer el periódico, escuchar música, o de otra manera comportarse de manera que distrae la atención. Mantenga callados a los niños. Recuerde que muchas cortes no permiten que le acompañen los niños en las salas de audiencias. Compruebe con la corte antes de la fecha de corte.

Espere para su audiencia. Llámele al juez "su honor" ("your honor"). Quédese callado mientras habla el juez. Los problemas jurídicos son emotivos. Trate de parecer calma cuando hable. No diga palabrotas y no use lenguaje descuidado.

Diríjasele al juez y no a su adversario o el abogado del adversario. Cada parte tendrá la oportunidad de hablar. Quédese callado mientras habla su adversario o un abogado. Tome notas relevantes. Las notas le ayudarán contestar la historia de su adversario.

Es posible que el juez dicte el fallo al instante. De otra manera, puede dictarlo más tarde. Es importante que comprenda qué decidió el juez antes de salir de la corte. Obtenga una copia del fallo, mandamiento judicial, orden u opinión antes de irse también.

Si usted gana, es posible que el juez le mande que prepare un documento llamado un "fallo." Pida un formulario o ejemplar que usted puede imitar y avísale a un empleado de la corte que no tiene abogado que le ayude.

Asegúrese que la corte tiene su dirección correcta. Es posible que la corte le envie algún documento después de su audiencia.

Después de su día en la corte

El juez debe seguir la ley y los hechos, incluso si esto parezca injusto.

¡Si usted gana, felicitaciones! Obtenga una copia "certificada" de la decisión, orden o fallo y guárdelo en un lugar seguro para sus registros. Si usted gana una orden o fallo monetario puede ser muy difícil recoger el dinero.

Si usted pierde el caso, es posible apelar el fallo o intentar anularlo. Disputar el fallo sin abogado puede ser difícil.Póngase en contacto con un abogado inmediatamente. El período de tiempo en que se puede apelar es estricto - hay limites de tiempo estrictos.

Southeast Louisiana Legal Services (Servicios Legales de Louisiana Sudeste): www.slls.org.

Información gratis para personas de ingresos bajos en Louisiana: louisianalawhelp.org

Recursos para defensores en Louisiana: www.probono.net/la

LSC

Louisiana Bar Foundation

United Way

 

 

March 2011/Marzo de 2011

 

 

Going to court on your own?

Look for legal help first.

It is a good idea to find a lawyer if you can.

Here are ways to look for help:

Look for free or low-cost law offices on

louisianalawhelp.org

.

To apply for free legal aid or low-cost lawyer referral services call the Louisiana Civil Justice Center hotline at (504) 355-0970 or (800) 310-7029.

If you can't find a lawyer or work things out here are tips to help you.

No lawyer?

What to expect.

You have the right to represent yourself.

There is some information to help you, so seek that out.

Judges and court staff cannot give you legal advice.

You must follow court rules like everybody else.

Do not expect special treatment just because you do not have a lawyer.

Breaking the rules may keep you from winning even if you have a good case.

The court could punish or fine you.

If you lose you may be ordered to pay the other side's costs and fees.

Things to do before you show up in court or file court papers.

If you are delivered or served with court papers, read these papers right away!

Keep them!

Mark down dates when you have to go to court or file papers in court.

There can be more than one court date in a case.

Read everything and mark down all dates!

Write down names, addresses, phone numbers and details about people and events in your case.

Copy and put in order important papers about your legal problem.

Keep original papers and documents safe and bring them to court with your copies.

You may need extra copies for the court or the other side of the case.

Example: for a landlord problem, get your lease, rent receipts/money orders /cancelled checks, and other papers.

Find out about the law and court rules.

The rules for all Louisiana state courts are posted on www.lasc.org, the site of the Louisiana Supreme Court.

Click on "Court Rules" at the top of the home page.

For information about basic Louisiana legal issues, see

louisianalawhelp.org.

Your library may have law books and computers.

See if there is a library at your local courthouse or law school.

If there is a pending court case, see the papers in the court's record.

Ask a court clerk for help with this.

Try to sit in on other court cases to get a feel for what going to court is like.

See tips for how to dress and act.

If you have children, check with the court before your court date to find out if the court will let you bring your children.

You may need to find someone to take care of your children on your court date.

Get court papers ready to file.

Writing court papers is hard to do.

There may be a form for your issue.

Check the library, courthouse or

louisianalawhelp.org.

It costs money to file most court papers.

Find out if you need to pay to file papers in court.

If you do not have money to file papers, you can ask for a court order to let you file papers without paying in advance.

To get this order, you need to file something called an "In Forma Pauperis" form, or "IFP" for short.

There is a form you can fill out and print online on the site of the Supreme Court of Louisiana:

http://www.lasc.org/rules/dist.ct/COURTRULESAPPENDIX8.0.pdf

What to do at court.

What Should I Wear?

Dress as if you care about your case and the court.

Look tidy and neat.

Do not wear flashy or skimpy clothes.

It is a bad idea to go to court in flip flops, shorts, tank tops, curlers, or very casual items.

Tell court staff if you do not own proper shoes or clothes and must wear what you own.

Many courts have security guards and scanners.

Do not carry knives, guns or other weapons.

Call ahead of time to see if you can carry in your cell phone.

How early should I get to court?

Get to court as early as you can - at least 30 minutes to one hour early.

You need extra time to file papers before court starts that day.

Courts are busy and there may be lines.

If you are late, the judge could decide your case without you, throw out your case, or take other action against you.

How do I find the courtroom?

Check with court staff.

Your court papers should say which judge or division/section has your case.

One judge sometimes fills in for another.

In the courtroom, check in with the judge's clerk, deputy, bailiff or helper.

This lets the court know you are there and to see if you have the right room.

If you cannot walk, hear, see, read, or if you have another special need, let court staff know.

If you do not read, write or speak English, let court workers know before your court date, if you have time.

You may ask for a free interpreter, someone who speaks the same language as you do.

If there is no time, let court workers know as soon as you get to court.

What do I bring with me?

Bring court papers you need to file and the correct number of copies.

Remember your other papers and copies you may need for the court, your records, or the other side.

You may need your picture ID for security.

If you were served with court papers, bring these papers!

Bring a pen/pencil and paper to take notes.

What about witnesses?

Witnesses can testify about facts to help tell your story.

They should personally know these facts.

They should dress and act properly for court and arrive in plenty of time.

Going to court on your own?

 

Look for legal help first.

 

It is a good idea to find a lawyer if you can. Here are ways to look for help:

 

Look for programs that offer free legal help on louisianalawhelp.org.

 

To apply for free legal aid or low-cost lawyer referral services call the Louisiana Civil Justice Center hotline at (504) 355-0970 or (800) 310-7029.

If you can't find a lawyer or work things out here are tips to help you.

 

No lawyer? What to expect.

 

You have the right to represent yourself. There is some information to help you, so seek that out.

 

Judges and court staff cannot give you legal advice. You must follow court rules like everybody else. Do not expect special treatment just because you do not have a lawyer.

 

Breaking the rules may keep you from winning even if you have a good case. The court could punish or fine you. If you lose you may be ordered to pay the other side's costs and fees.

 

Things to do before you show up in court or file court papers.

 

If you are delivered or served with court papers, read these papers right away! Keep them! Mark down dates when you have to go to court or file papers in court. There can be more than one court date in a case. Read everything and mark down all dates!

 

Write down names, addresses, phone numbers and details about people and events in your case.

 

Copy and put in order important papers about your legal problem. Keep original papers and documents safe and bring them to court with your copies. You may need extra copies for the court or the other side of the case.

 

Example: for a landlord problem, get your lease, rent receipts/money orders /cancelled checks, and other papers.

 

Find out about the law and court rules. The rules for all Louisiana state courts are posted on www.lasc.org, the site of the Louisiana Supreme Court. Click on "Court Rules" at the top of the home page. For information about basic Louisiana legal issues, see louisianalawhelp.org.

Your library may have law books and computers. See if there is a library at your local courthouse or law school.

 

If there is a pending court case, see the papers in the court's record. Ask a court clerk for help with this.

 

Try to sit in on other court cases to get a feel for what going to court is like. See tips for how to dress and act.

 

If you have children, check with the court before your court date to find out if the court will let you bring your children. You may need to find someone to take care of your children on your court date.

 

Get court papers ready to file.

 

Writing court papers is hard to do. There may be a form for your issue. Check the library, courthouse or louisianalawhelp.org.

 

It costs money to file most court papers. Find out if you need to pay to file papers in court.

 

If you do not have money to file papers, you can ask for a court order to let you file papers without paying in advance.

 

To get this order, you need to file something called an "In Forma Pauperis" form, or "IFP" for short. There is a form you can fill out and print online on the site of the Supreme Court of Louisiana:

http://www.lasc.org/rules/dist.ct/COURTRULESAPPENDIX8.0.pdf

 

What to do at court.

 

What Should I Wear?

 

Dress as if you care about your case and the court. Look tidy and neat. Do not wear flashy or skimpy clothes. It is a bad idea to go to court in flip flops, shorts, tank tops, curlers, or very casual items. Tell court staff if you do not own proper shoes or clothes and must wear what you own.

 

Many courts have security guards and scanners. Do not carry knives, guns or other weapons. Call ahead of time to see if you can carry in your cell phone.

 

How early should I get to court?

 

Get to court as early as you can - at least 30 minutes to one hour early.

 

You need extra time to file papers before court starts that day. Courts are busy and there may be lines. If you are late, the judge could decide your case without you, throw out your case, or take other action against you.

 

How do I find the courtroom?

 

Check with court staff. Your court papers should say which judge or division/section has your case. One judge sometimes fills in for another.

 

In the courtroom, check in with the judge's clerk, deputy, bailiff or helper. This lets the court know you are there and to see if you have the right room.

 

If you cannot walk, hear, see, read, or if you have another special need, let court staff know. If you do not read, write or speak English, let court workers know before your court date, if you have time. You may ask for a free interpreter, someone who speaks the same language as you do. If there is no time, let court workers know as soon as you get to court.

 

How long do I have to wait in court?

 

Even if there is a schedule or list of cases, the judge may hear cases in a different order. Your wait may be short or it may be all day.

 

What do I bring with me?

 

Bring court papers you need to file and the correct number of copies. Remember your other papers and copies you may need for the court, your records, or the other side. You may need your picture ID for security.

 

If you were served with court papers, bring these papers! Bring a pen/pencil and paper to take notes.

 

What about witnesses?

 

Witnesses can testify about facts to help tell your story. They should personally know these facts. They should dress and act properly for court and arrive in plenty of time.

 

What do I do in the courtroom?

 

When allowed in the courtroom, take a seat. Turn off your cell phone or turn off all phone sounds!

 

Everyone stands when the judge comes in. Sit when told to do so by the judge or staff. If no one says anything, sit when the judge sits down.

 

Do not talk, chew gum, eat, drink, read the paper, listen to music, or do anything distracting. Children must be quiet too. Many courts do not allow children in court. Again, check with the court before your court date.

Wait for your case to be called. Say "your honor" when talking to the judge. Do not talk when the judge is talking.

 

Legal problems are upsetting. Try to sound calm when you talk. Do not curse or use sloppy language.

 

Speak to the judge and not to the other side or that side's lawyer. Both sides should get a chance to talk. Do not talk when the person on the other side or a lawyer is talking.

 

Take any notes you need. This helps you respond to the other side's story.

 

Sometimes the judge rules on the spot. The judge may decide later. Before you leave the courthouse make sure you know if the judge ruled. Get a copy of any Judgment, ruling or order.

 

If you win, the judge may ask you to prepare a paper called a "Judgment." See if the court has a form or sample, and say you do not have a lawyer.

 

 

Make sure the clerk's office has your correct address. The court may need to send you something by mail or serve you with papers later on.

 

After Your Day in Court

 

The judge must rule on the case based on the law and the facts, even if this looks unfair.

 

If you win, congratulations! Get a "certified" copy of your Judgment and keep this safe for your records. Even if you win a money judgment it may be very hard to collect the money.

 

If you lose you may be able to challenge a judge's ruling or try to get it undone. It can be hard to fight a court decision without a lawyer. Try to get a lawyer right away. There are strict time limits to challenge or appeal.

 

Southeast Louisiana Legal Services www.slls.org

 

Free legal information for low-income people: louisianalawhelp.org

 

Resources for Louisiana's public interest and pro bono advocates: www.probono.net/la

LSC

Louisiana Bar Foundation

United Way

 

January 2011

Última revisión y actualización: Dec 15, 2010
LiveHelp

Contacting the LiveHelp service...