In Louisiana, the process of eviction is regulated by the Code of Civil Procedure, not the Uniform Residential Landlord-Tenant Act (URLTA) that other states might use. Landlords in Louisiana must follow specific procedures and obtain a court order to legally evict a tenant. It is against the law for landlords to take matters into their own hands and perform "self-help" evictions, such as changing locks or removing a tenant's belongings without a court order.
It's important to note that proving a landlord's retaliation for exercising your tenant rights may be more challenging under Louisiana law, especially for month-to-month renters.
In Louisiana, your landlord can provide you with a 10-day notice and evict you without providing a specific reason. However, if you violate your lease agreement, such as by not paying rent, the eviction process can move much faster, sometimes with just a 5-day notice.
It's crucial to understand that a tenant does not have the right to prolong an eviction judgment by offering to pay for additional time in the rented property. This remains true even if the tenant is facing hardships that prevented them from paying the rent.
In eviction actions in Louisiana, neither the landlord nor the tenant can be awarded monetary compensation. The judge's decision is limited to awarding possession of the property to either the tenant or the landlord. If the landlord wishes to recover unpaid rent, they must sue the tenant in a separate lawsuit. Likewise, if a tenant's security deposit is wrongfully withheld, they would need to sue the landlord separately to seek its return.